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Software Development Trends To Embrace in 2021

Here are some trends that will dominate the software development of 2021:

1- Serverless Architecture

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  • Serverless computing is where cloud services are fully managed. It allows you to write code to build applications without the need to manage or maintain the underlying infrastructures, such as servers.
  • Serverless computing supports the pay-as-you-go billing method, which allows users to only pay for the resources consumed. Compared with traditional computing platforms, serverless computing allows users to select billing methods based on specific scenarios, which helps them reduce costs.
  • Serverless computing is application-oriented, making it different from resource-oriented computing platforms, such as virtual machines and containers.

Looking at the architecture diagram of a typical 100 % serverless application will give you a good idea of how it works.

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Multi-Platform Frameworks

Multi-platform development implies that the same code will be capable of running on a variety of different platforms. Multi-platform is becoming increasingly common as you can reuse a lot of the developer’s code and other work. And Jetbrains team is doing a great job with that using Kotlin.

Now your application can use Kotlin/JVM for the backend and Kotlin/JS for the frontend. This has a number of benefits: besides syntax, it also allows us to share our libraries and programming paradigms (such as using coroutines), on both frontend and backend. Using Kotlin throughout the whole stack also makes it possible to write classes and functions that can be used from both the JVM and JS targets of our application. Not only that, you can use KMM (Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile) to create a mobile app that works for both iOS and Android!

So practically, you can create a full-blown application just by using one programming language. One of the apps that have recently started using KMM is Cash App. Here you can read about their experience.

Image of multi-platform process with common Kotlin
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The Domination of Native Apps

Sounds counter-intuitive because of the cross-platform fuss and the rise of Flutter, but when it comes to providing a better user experience and more powerful performance, you have to go native. As a result of this, more and more businesses are investing in multiple native apps for iOS and Android to enable them to provide their users with a better experience. Going forward, software developers can expect native app development to dominate software development services.

Having said that, I do feel that Flutter has a very promising future. It has already garnered a lot of momentum and the results are good. You can find an in-depth comparison of Flutter and native apps here. And if you are a developer with native app development experience, it won’t hurt to get your hands on Flutter.

With the ever-increasing dominance of iOS and Android operating systems in the market, it doesn’t seem like an investment in app development will dwindle anytime soon.

AI and ML

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning have been in a hotspot for a long time now — and still continue to be because of the possible use-cases. To be honest, it has more potential than anything else in the whole world. And we are only starting to explore the possibilities with it. With self-driving cars, we are looking at a future that will have a fleet of driverless cabs. Usage of drones to monitor social distancing during the pandemic. Klarna, one of the biggest unicorns in Europe, utilized AI and ML to personalize the checkout experience for the customers. AI tools and platforms are already in place to help businesses understand the way their customers are adapting to a new reality.

“Our latest AI research shows 86% of businesses currently reaping the benefits of better customer experience through AI, and 25% of companies with widespread AI adoption expect to see the tech pay out in increased revenue during 2021. The pandemic has uncovered the value of AI, lending itself to enhancing tasks related to workforce planning, simulation modeling and demand projection.”

Rohan Amin, the Chief Information Officer at Chase:

This year, the ability to add cutting-edge AI capabilities to projects and business processes will be critical for organizations, particularly if they are looking to make great strides in the industry.


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